All You Need To Know About Hepatitis

Hepatitis viruses cause liver inflammation that is difficult to determine by symptoms alone and needs to be confirmed only with a blood test.

The virus is of several types like hepatitis A, B, C, D and E are known as HAV, HBV, HBC, HCV, HDV and HEV. It is often misunderstood as jaundice as the symptoms like yellowing of skin and eyes, extreme fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain, etc. are similar but the effects are vastly different and detrimental.

Some interesting facts about Hepatitis:

  • Hepatitis A is caused by consuming contaminated food or water.
  • Hepatitis B is a sexually transmitted disease and is spread through blood and other bodily fluids.
  • Hepatitis C is usually spread through blood to blood contact with the infected person.
  • Hepatitis D can only affect those who are already infected with Hepatitis B.
  • Hepatitis E is only spread by drinking contaminated water.
  • Initial symptoms of hepatitis resemble to that of the flu.
  • Hepatitis G is another type of viral disease caused by a specific virus called as HGV.
  • Hepatitis can also be caused by alcohol, toxins, certain medicines and chemicals
  • Hepatitis can sometimes heal on its own with no specific consequence or can lead to damaging the liver for good.
  • Acute Hepatitis lasts about six months whereas its chronic variety can last even longer.
  • Hepatitis B and C can lead to the chronic variety and is to be dealt with very responsibility and care.
  • Hepatitis B, C and D usually cause long-lasting damage to the liver, including liver scarring (cirrhosis) and cancer.
  • Hepatitis A, B and C cause maximum damage to the liver.
  • Hepatitis C is the leading cause for liver cancer and liver transplants.
  • Hepatitis E is common in countries with poor sanitation and contaminated water supplies.
  • Hepatitis A and E do not cause chronic hepatitis.

Symptoms of Acute Infection:

All the viral types like hepatitis A, B and C are mostly having similar symptoms, which can be all or one of the following indicators like fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal pain, gray coloured stool, joint pain and jaundice.

Incubation Period:

Hepatitis A is 15 to 50 days. Average 28 days.
Hepatitis B is 45 to 160 days. Average 120 days.
Hepatitis C is 14 to 180 days. Average 45 days.

Preventive steps

Hepatitis A can be prevented by the vaccine to all ages above one-year-old. It consists of two doses that are to be administered 6 months apart. Moreover, improved sanitation, food safety and immunization are the most effective ways to combat the disease. It ensures long term protection of about 5-8 years after vaccination.

Hepatitis B also can be prevented by vaccination that is administered to all infants at birth. For Hepatitis B, C, D, and E the preventive measures are advised on similar grounds. Opt for safe sex and use only clean and maiden syringes. Do not share manicure instruments, earrings, body rings, razors or toothbrushes. Be aware of using only healthy and sterilized skin perforating instruments. Discard sanitary napkins and tampons with responsibility in a marked plastic cover. Furthermore, maintain a healthy diet, avoid alcohol, avoid intake of unnecessary pain medications, ensure regular exercise for better immunity levels and cultivate a good and strong social support system.

Related Posts

Leave A Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked. *