Everyone loves the rain, but the onset of this season proves to be a health menace as there are so many diseases come along with it. These diseases spread mainly through stagnant water, muddy puddles and inadequate drainage. During this season, the germs and infections spread rapidly and you tend to feel sick more often.
However, some disease are easily treated while few can be life threatening. Some of the common illness include dengue, cold, flu, malaria, gastroenteritis, cholera and many more. Out of these, few are incurable and can make you feel so sick that it may take a long time to recover from the condition.
Moreover, there are chances of fungal infection too. In order to prevent it, you should keep yourself dry. Maintain cleanliness and try to keep the sweaty parts of the body dry. You may use the anti-fungal dusting powder as it helps in soaking the sweat particularly in the sensitive areas.
You should be aware of the deadly monsoon diseases and symptoms so that you can avoid getting trapped in it. Some of the most common illnesses along with their preventive measures are:
Malaria: It is one of the most common mosquito-borne disease spread by female Anopheles. These type of mosquitoes mostly breed in waterlogged area or stagnant water. Some of the common symptoms include fever, chills, diarrhoea, muscle pain and weakness.
Prevention: As the disease is caused by mosquitoes, so try to avoid them by using net and repellents. You should make sure that there is no stagnant water as it is the breeding ground for mosquitoes.
Dengue: This disease is a specific monsoon disease and caused by mosquitoes. Some of the usual symptoms are high fever, body ache, headache, pain in joints and body rashes.
Prevention: Avoid the mosquitoes using the insect repellent. You should cover your body well by wearing long sleeved clothes while going outdoors in order to prevent their biting.
Chikungunya: It causes an illness with an acute febrile phase followed by longer period of joint pain. This disease is transmitted by the bite of Aedes albopictus mosquitoes.
Prevention: Keep your surrounding neat and clean to avoid the mosquitoes. You should use insect repellents to prevent them.
Leptospirosis: It is one of the infectious disease that is caused by a strain of Leptospirosis. The common risk factors include the close association with animals and dirty water.
Prevention: You should try to minimise your exposure to stagnant water and animal urine as it may spread bacterial infections.
Diarrhoea: It mainly occurs due to the viral, bacterial or parasitic infections. The pathogens enter through the ingestion of contaminated food or water. It also spreads through poor hygienic conditions. Common symptoms are watery stool, vomiting, muscle cramps.
Prevention: You should maintain a good hygiene by washing your hands frequently. Make sure you drink safe water. Avoid eating outside food.
Typhoid: It is a water borne disease and quite common during the monsoon. It is caused by the Salmonella typhi that is transmitted through contaminated food or water. The infection is so severe that it tends to remain in the gall bladder even if it is cured. Common symptoms are prolonged fever, extreme pain in abdomen, headache and diarrhoea.
Prevention: It is better to avoid outside food and water as it may be contaminated. Maintain proper sanitation, keep yourself and your surroundings clean.
Viral Fever: It is one of the common disease that is prevalent during this season. Sore throat, frequent sneezing and fever are some of its symptoms.
Prevention: The best way to prevent yourself from viral fever is to avoid getting wet in rain. For sore throat you can do gargles with warm water or can take a hot turmeric milk.
If problem still persists, it is better to consult a doctor.
Stomach infections: This is another common disease related to stomach disorders that include gastroenteritis. It is an infection that causes diarrhoea and vomiting. It affects in such a way that the stomach and intestine get inflamed.
Prevention: You should wash your hands well to prevent any sort of infection. Avoid contaminated food or water. Stay hydrated and ensure that the water you are drinking is clean and filtered.
Jaundice: It is a viral disease caused by contaminated food and water. When you have jaundice, there is yellowish tinge to the skin, you feel extremely weak and the urine colour becomes yellow. This occurs due to the improper functioning of liver and vomiting tendency increases.
Prevention: It is best to drink boiled water and avoid food from local shop. Drink plenty of water, it will help the body fluid stay normal.
Here are some quick tips to prevent monsoon diseases:
Use Safe Drinking Water: Always boil or filter the water well by a purifier before drinking.
Prevent Stagnation of Water: Keep your surroundings clean and see through it that there is no water accumulation near your house, potholes etc.
Use Insect Repellents: You should take every measure to stay away from mosquitoes, flies, cockroaches by using insect repellents or nets.
Wash Your Hands: Make sure that you maintain a proper hygiene by washing your hands well before eating anything.
Avoid Spread of infections: Always cover your mouth and nose with a handkerchief while coughing or sneezing to avoid the spread of infections.
Avoid Eating Out: You might be a foodie, but this is the time you should control your taste buds and avoid the street food as it may cause stomach disorders.
You should always remember that “Prevention is better than cure”. However, the basic monsoon disease cure is to ensure that you take full precaution and receive the right measures early enough, before the disease gets deeper into your system. Thus, in order to stay healthy, you need to follow the preventive measures properly.