As the rainy season looms, it gives a spike in the number of monsoon related diseases too. During this season, you face many health issues but the most common is Dengue. It is a life threatening disease claiming several lives every year and has become a major public health problem.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are about 390 million cases reported worldwide, out of which 96 million needs medical treatment. The number of cases have doubled as compared to the previous years. However, this year isn't expected to be any better and it has become a cause of concern.
Dengue & its Symptoms
Dengue fever is a mosquito borne disease caused by the bite of female mosquitoes. The symptoms include joint and muscle pain, apart from fever and headache. The disease develops into the dengue haemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets which causes low blood pressure leading to circulatory collapse.
When a mosquito bites a person who is already infected with dengue virus, it enters the mosquito. If the infected mosquito bites another person then the virus gets transmitted into the bloodstream. Thus, the disease might have a change of course once it catches up so it is important to focus on prevention rather than diagnosis and cure.
Though the disease can occur at any time, but it is at peak especially around the monsoon. The high humidity and temperature during this phase of season favour mosquito survival and increase the likelihood of transmission. Also, the excessive rain leads to water logging. This stagnant water serves as a perfect ground for mosquitoes to breed and thus the incidence will go up.
Each year, there are about 50 million dengue infections and 500,000 individuals are hospitalized with dengue haemorrhagic fever, mainly in South-east Asia, the Pacific and the Americas. However, using integrated vector management along with early and accurate diagnosis reduces the risk of disease.
According to experts, the communicable and vector-borne diseases have witnessed a change of course and are expected more severe this year causing a havoc.
To prevent yourself from this dreadful disease, you should follow the below mentioned preventive measures:
The treatment is concerned with the relief of symptoms. It includes:
For Bleeding problems: Transfusion of fresh blood or platelets
For Electrolyte imbalances: Intravenous(IV) fluids and electrolytes
Oxygen Therapy for abnormal low blood oxygen
Treat Dehydration with intravenous fluids: Always consult doctor before taking anti-inflammatory drugs or aspirin to avoid the possibility of bleeding complication. You should seek medical advice, take rest and drink plenty of fluids.
However, the diagnosis can be done using a simple blood test to keep a check for the disease. It tells whether the person is affected or not. But many times, you feel the symptoms are of viral fever. So, if you have a doubt then it's better to go for test.
Though the fever can attack anyone, but those with a weak immune system are at a greater risk than others. Also, if it is not diagnosed at right time, it can become a serious health issue.