Researchers from the Washington State of University revealed that a phytochemical compound in green tea called epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) found to be an effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis as it blocks the effects of the disease without altering other cellular functions.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that mostly affects the joints of the hands & feet, wrists, elbows knees and ankles. The immune system attacks the synovial tissues causing inflammation often results into a painful swelling that damages the cartilage bone erosion and joint deformity.
This disease is almost three times more common in women than men. As the existing drugs for rheumatoid arthritis are expensive and reduces the immune system activity and can be unsuitable for long-term use. Researchers found the compound EGCG with anti-inflammatory properties used as an effective alternative treatments for RA.
ECGC, the most abundant catechin is found in Green Tea. For all tea lovers, it might be a familiar term but many of you may not be aware of the amazing health benefits of it. This tea is made from the same leaves that ordinary black tea is made but they haven't been subjected to the process of oxidation, they still retain most of their antioxidants which are the main reason they are considered so healthy.
One of the most important antioxidant epicatechin gallate (EGCG) is a polyphenol well known for its potential to affect human health and disease. It is more potent than Vitamin C. Antioxidants, bioflavonoids and polyphenols in green tea have the ability to boost the immune system and to improve the body’s ability to ward off bacteria, viruses and other harmful agents.
Study suggests that after giving EGCG to mouse models of RA for about 10 days, it was noticed that the treatment lead to a significant reduction in ankle swelling. Further studies shows that EGCG reduces the activity of TAK-1- an important signalling protein through which the pro-inflammatory cytokines transmit their signals to cause inflammation and tissue damage in rheumatoid arthritis. It reduces the inflammation without interfering with other cellular functions.
In addition, research shows that drinking at least 20 ounces of it per day, for at least two weeks, inhibits the production of an enzyme gyrase, which is the target of many clinically developed antibiotics. It therefore reduces the chance of getting an infection and also helps alleviate the bacterial infections.
Thus, the study proves that the green tea compound may be highly effective against rheumatoid arthritis. The researchers confirmed their findings from a pre-clinical model where they marked the swelling of ankle was reduced when treated with EGCG (present in green tea) for 10 about days.
So what are you waiting for? Start sipping a cup of healthy beverage and prevent rheumatoid arthritis as it blocks those enzymes that trigger the destruction of cartilage.