We all do battle some sort of fear be it heights,darkness,water, spiders and what not. Phobia refers to an excessive reaction of fear. It can be fear of a certain situation, place or object. When you face the source of your fear you will experience a deep sense of panic.
It has been observed that most of these fears are irrational. The people who suffer from different phobias are mostly not able to do anything considerable about it. Such fears do interrupt in work, school and personal relationships. In fact there are some who are not even able to lead a normal life due to such phobias.
Genetic and environmental factors can cause this. Those who have relatives with any anxiety disorder are at risk. Traumatic events can be a cause. Exposure to extreme heights, confined spaces, animal bites can make people phobic.
People with several health issues do battle phobias. Even those who develop serious brain injuries do develop such fears. Depression and substance abuse are also major causes. Substance abuse and depression are also connected to phobias.
Types of Phobias
Here are a few of the most common phobias people have:
Agoraphiobia refers to fear of open spaces. It is a type of fear of situations or places you can’t escape from. Those who have this phobia are scared of being in large crowds. There are many who even avoid social situations and prefer staying inside homes. There are many who fear that they might suffer a panic attack in a public place where they would not be able to escape from.
Social phobia is social anxiety disorder. This can lead to self isolation. This is extreme worry about social situations that can lead to self-isolation. This fear becomes severe making life impossible to lead. Such people would often avoid public situations.
This is the fear of speaking in front of an audience also known as performance anxiety. Some even show physical symptoms when they think about being in front of several people.
The fear of heights. People with this would avoid mountains, building terraces, bridges. Several symptoms show up like sweating, vertigo and dizziness.
This is obsessive fear of tight or enclosed spaces. It can cause panic attacks. In extreme cases even wearing a tight clothing cantrigger such attacks.
This refers to being afraid of several dental procedures. It normally develops post an unpleasant experience at the dentist’s chamber.
Is being fearful of injury or blood. A hemophobic might even faint when they see another person’s or their own blood.
Is having the terror of flying. There are many who fear of travelling in an aeroplane or helicopter. It is also known as aviophobia or aerophobia or flying or flight phobia.
Is fear of spiders and other arachnids like scorpions. People scream, have panic attacks, cry or have emotional outbursts.
Refers to fear of dogs. Several Cynophobics are normally afraid of large dogs and in certain cases, might get scared of puppies too.
Is the fear of snakes. It is also known as ophiophobia. An ophidiophobe feels afraid to see them in television or print or even think about them.
Is being fearful of darkness. It mainly revolves around the perception of what could happen in the dark. Such a phobia is triggered when the mind is not steady or scared regarding certain events.
Several patients feel that by avoiding particular source of fear, would keep them under control. Some kind of fears are not possible to avoid always and in such cases professional help should be sought. Several of these phobias are curable and a customized treatment would work. There are several therapies that are aimed at bringing down the symptoms of anxiety as well as help patients to manage reactions.