World Hypertension Day is celebrated annually on May 17, 2016 to increase the awareness of high blood pressure among the common public. Awareness of hypertension is very important as it increases the risk of heart attacks, kidney disease and strokes. Due to the sedentary lifestyle and high stress level the risk of hypertension is increasing at a rapid rate.
Hypertension also known as a silent killer as the medical condition often remain undiagnosed with no specific symptoms. Around 3 out of 10 people are suffering from hypertension worldwide. Approximately 1.8 billion of the people globally are suffering from this disorder and the most surprising thing is 50% of them are totally unaware of their condition.
Nowadays, the number of cases of high blood pressure are increasing at an alarming pace. It is estimated that the number of hypertensive adults will increase from 972 million in 2000 to 1.56 billion in 2025 marking the rise of about 60%. However, about 90% cases have no known cause but some of the common triggers may include obesity, stress, poor dietary habits, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
High BP, in most cases is asymptomatic, so many a times without being monitored it stays hidden. But there are few symptoms that may indicate the warnings of elevated blood pressure which often get missed.
These symptoms are:
Fatigue & sleepiness
Diagnosing a blood pressure with a single reading that is high doesn’t mean that you have high blood pressure. It changes from time to time, therefore it is recommended to take several readings to get an accurate reading. You should always check the condition early as the ignorance can lead to a stage where it cannot be reversed. Delayed diagnosis can cause harm to organs like kidney, eye, brain, heart etc.
Follow These Tips to Keep Your Blood Pressure in Control:
Eat a Healthy Diet : Follow healthy eating habits, include a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, wholegrain foods and milk products with no fat.
Reduce Sugar & Salt : Try to reduce your sugar and salt consumption as it may increase your blood pressure.
Cut Trans Fat: Consuming Trans fat can increase the bad cholesterol and decrease the good cholesterol which leads to the hardening of arteries resulting in hypertension.
Weight Control: Keep a check on your weight as the excess weight pose a major health risk resulting into elevated blood pressure.
Quit Smoking: With every cigarette you smoke, it increases your blood pressure after you finish. So, it is advisable to quit smoking as it will help to keep your blood pressure in control.
Avoid Stress: Due to the hectic lifestyle, stress is a common problem faced by everyone. Try to avoid stress as it releases the stress hormone in blood which makes the heart beat faster and constricts the blood vessels causing an increase in heart rate which raises blood pressure.
Engage in Physical Exercise: Regular exercise can help keeping your blood pressure in control, strengthen your heart and manages your stress level as well.
Monitor Your Blood Pressure At Home: Monitoring blood pressure helps you to keep track of your blood pressure. You can get a good quality Blood Pressure Monitor and check your BP which will alert you to potential health complications.
Adopting these lifestyle changes can help prevent high blood pressure if your blood pressure is currently under control or lead to lower blood pressure if your numbers are already elevated.